FILLERS

The majority of a cigar is made up of fillers, wrapped-up bunches of leaves inside the wrapper. Fillers of various strengths are
usually blended to produce desired cigar flavors, this is referred to as a "blend".   The more oils present in the tobacco leaf, the
stronger (less dry) the filler. Types range from the minimally flavored Volado taken from the bottom of the plant, through the
light-flavored Seco (dry) taken from the middle of the plant, to the strong Ligero from the upper leaves exposed to the most
sunlight. Fatter cigars of larger gauge hold more filler, with greater potential to provide a full body and complex flavor. However,
this effect can be diminished because of the generally poorer burn characteristics of thicker cigars (greater than 50 ring gauge),
and the fact that these cigars burn cooler. This can prevent the full spectrum of flavors from being easily detectable. When used,
Ligero is always folded into the middle of the filler because it burns slowly.

Fillers can be either long or short; long filler uses whole leaves and is of a better quality, while short filler, also called "mixed", uses
chopped leaves, stems, and other bits. Recently some manufacturers have created what they term "medium filler" cigars. They use
larger pieces of leaf than short filler without stems, and are of better quality than short filler cigars. Short filler cigars are easy to
identify when smoked since they often burn hotter and tend to release bits of leaf into the smoker's mouth. Long filled cigars of high
quality should burn evenly and consistently. Also available is a filler called "sandwich" (sometimes "Cuban sandwich") which is a
cigar made by rolling short leaf inside long outer leaf. If a cigar is completely constructed (filler, binder and wrapper) of tobacco
from only one country, it is referred to as a "puro" which in Spanish means "pure."
"Long-Filler". Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikipedia -
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Long-Filler.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Long-Filler.jpg
"Short filler cigar Balmoral sumatra" by Wouter van Emmerik - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons -
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Short_filler_cigar_Balmoral_sumatra.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Short_filler_cigar_Balmoral_sumatra.jpg
LONG FILLER
SHORT FILLER
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